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NRP511 Advanced Pathophysiology

Week 3 Discussion

Patient Scenario: Effects of tobacco use

Your patient presents to the clinic today and you notice in their chart that they continue to smoke after multiple discussions to quit. He is African American, 52 years old and has a history of hypertension and dyslipidemia. His BP is 138/88 on medication. His most recent cholesterol values are Total Cholesterol 250, HDL 38, LDL 160, Triglyceride 200.

Address one or more of the following:

Describe the pathophysiology related to tobacco use on the body and cardiovascular health.

How does tobacco use factor into his overall cardiovascular risk? (Consider utilizing this tool: ACSVD Risk Calculator – you can assume no diabetes).

What education would you provide to this patient? What strategies may you recommend for cessation to better ensure success?

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