Chat with us, powered by LiveChat What is not a function of the urinary system - Uni Pal

1. What is not a function of the urinary system?

A) Excrete organic wastes

B) Help to produce vitamin A

C) Regulate blood volume

D) Regulate blood ionic composition

E) Maintain blood pH

2. Nephron includes all of the following except__________

a Glomerulus

b Proximal tubule

c Distal tubule

d Calyx

e Loop

3. The outermost layer of kidney is called ________

a. Capsule

b. Mucosa

c. Medulla

d. Calyx

e. Pelvis

4. The main blood vessel that supplies kidney is

a. Adrenal artery

b. Gonadal artery

c. Celiac artery

d. Carotid artery

e. Renal artery

5. In which part of the nephron does the filtration happen?

a. Peritubular capillaries

b. Filtration duct

c. Nephron loop

d. Glomerular capillaries

e. Proximal tubule

6. The renal corpuscle consists of._________

a. Bowman’s capsule and glomerulus

b. PCT and DCT

c. Ascending and descending limbs

d. Peritubular capillaries and vasa recta

e. All of these parts

7. The term “juxtamedullary” means “next to the medulla”. Which part of the juxtamedullary nephron is actually located inside the renal medulla?

A. glomerulus

B. Bowman’s capsule


D. Entire Ephron

E. Look of henle.

8. Given the following numbers, calculate the net filtration pressure (NFP) in the nephron:

hydrostatic pressure in glomerular capillaries (HPGC) = 75 mmHg

osmotic pressure in glomerular capillaries (OPGC) = 25 mmHg

hydrostatic pressure in capsular space(HPCS) = 15 mmHg

a. 85

b. 115

c. 85

d. 35

e. 40

9. Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?

a. Glucose

b. Urea

c. Insulin

d. Carbon dioxide

e. Cholesterol

10. Most of the reabsorption of substances from the glomerular filtrate occurs in.______

a) PCT

b) DCT

c) Collecting tubule

d) Bowman’s capsule

e) Loop of helen

11. An analysis of physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called.

A) concentration study

B) urinalysis

C) osmolality

D) filtration study

E) diuretic research

12. Which of the following hormones directly affects water reabsorption but not Na+ reabsorption?

a. ADH

b. Aldosterone

c. Angiotensin II

d. ANP

e. Both aldosterone and ANP

13. Which hormone(s) is/are most important in Na+ and K+ balance?

a. PTH

b. ADH

c. Aldosterone

d. Testosterone

e. Both aldosterone and testosterone

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